Fly ash is a fine, glass-like powder recovered from gases created by coal-fired electric power generation. Fly ash material is solidified while suspended in the exhaust gases and is collected by electrostatic precipitators or filter bags. Since the particles solidify while suspended in the exhaust gases, fly ash particles are generally spherical in shape and range in size from 0.5 μm to 100 μm. They consist mostly of silicon dioxide (SiO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and iron oxide (Fe2O3).
Fly ash is a useful by-product from thermal power stations using pulverized coal as a fuel and has considerable pozzolanic activity. This national resource can be gainfully utilized for manufacture of fly ash-lime bricks as a supplement to common burnt clay building bricks leading to conservation of natural resources and improvement in environmental quality. Fly ash-lime bricks are obtained from materials consisting of fly ash in major quantity, lime and an accelerator acting as a catalyst.